Tehran is the capital of Iran that is Iran s largest city and urban area, and the largest city in Western Asia. Tehran s climate is largely defined by its geographic location, with the towering Alborz Mountains to its north and the central desert to the south. It can be generally described as mild in the spring and autumn, hot and dry in the summer, and cold in the winter. Because the city is large with significant differences in elevation among various districts, the weather is often cooler in the hilly north than in the flat southern part of Tehran\Trekking and skiing around Tehran are popular activities as there are beautiful mountain scenery and excellent ski resorts located at the magnificent Mount Davamant on Alborz mountain range. Although Tehran is not Iran but without this great metropolis which is the focal point of Iran’s transportation network and the center in which more than 40% of the nation&rsquo s economic activities takes place it would not be possible to fully comprehend the ever changing Iran. Tehran is the mirror of Iran. Those who inhabit this young metropolis have come from around the country with different beliefs, cultures, languages and life styles and live in a national and international context together. It can be noted that modern societies take form in large cities, and therefore, Iran&rsquo s future is being formed in Tehran.
Iran is a complicated and mysterious country and Tehran is more so. Activities, population and cultures have shaped a new and ever changing logic upon which people relate to one another without prior familiarity. This phenomenon, despite being problematic, expands and facilitates innovations and creativity. Hence, Tehran, despite its many unique aspects is comparable with large cities such as Ankara Brasilia, and even St. Petersburg.